Undated postcard, but likely to be from the 1950s
Location on Google Maps
For other views of the Garessa at different points in time, see these postings:
- 1950: https://mogadishuimages.wordpress.com/2008/12/30/mogadiscio-museo-della-garessa/
- < 1905: https://mogadishuimages.wordpress.com/2008/05/09/5/
- < 1900: https://mogadishuimages.wordpress.com/2013/04/03/magadishu-vista-da-ovest/
Location as seen on Google Maps
Possibly in Xamar Weyne, where weaving like this continued until the 1980s
Traditionally done by the slave section of the Xamar population, known as (h)abash or adoon
The text below is from “The Politics of Dress in Somali Culture” By Heather Marie Akou, 2011
Text on back says “Late Fascist Headquarters. Now Troop Headquarters, Mogadishu”
Lat and Long: 2°02’18.9″N 45°20’29.6″E
This became the home of the Parliament, post independence. What was its use before then?
Where is this?
Is this Mosque Sheik Sufi in the background? Your comments below please?
Where is this? Leave your comments below
Where is this exactly?
I visited Qandala in late 1991, travelling overnight by boat along the coast from Bossaso. A memorable trip!
G. Revoil described his travels along this coast 100 years beforehand in Voyage au pays des Medjourtaines (Cap Gardufui – Afrique Orientale), pages 254-269, Bulletin de la Societe de Geographie, Mars 1880.
The map below shows Qandala in relation to Bender Khor, also labeled Boutiala. Boutiala/Botiala is a site of some antiquity, as described in this Wikipedia entry
Two different times I visit Khor Bender or Bottiala . This city is about six miles from the coast , on an island formed by the two arms of dried up Khori , a stream which pours into the sea through narrow and steep gorges. The sea arrives into these gorges, washes to the first huts of the city, maintaining a depth around 5 to 6 cubits or doudouns, which allows small sambucos or dhows to come loaded with mechandises to Bender Khor .
Bender Khor is unquestionably the city where the traveller may be the best at what he has before his eyes , refer to the first era of civilization of the people. Four adobe forts guard the gorge, complete with all defence accessories. The cemetery is placed right in the middle of the village and from the mosque, the huts scattered symmetrically under the protection of the forts: …… , contributed to this locality trapped in a huge amphitheatre and a great character that strikes the attention.
Here is his drawing of the town of Bender Khor
The location of the four forts mentioned by Revoil is not clear. On the Revoil map shown above one high point is marked with a C, and this corresponds roughly with the ruins shown in the Google Maps photo shown below. They stand on the edge of a small plateau, about 200 metres to the west of Bender Khor, at Lat 11° 28.538′, Lon 49° 56.947′ The structure is perhaps 25 x 30 metres in size. The irregular extension to the top right of the structure may be a more recent addition, perhaps an animal enclosure.
This Google elevated view provides another perspective
Further towards the coast there are remains of other buildings, which may have been Revoil’s four forts.
They are between 10 and 20 metres square in size
The Wikipedia entry also says “To the north of the fortress complex is an impressive field of approximately 200 stone cairns (taalo) of varying sizes, some of which are associated with standing stones. Close by and along the shoreline are extensive shell middens. Neither structures have yet been excavated or dated“
This Google photo may show the cairns. I thought at first they were wells, but no longer think so. They are to the immediate south-west of the “four forts”
And here is a view of the same coastal valley, taken from the coast looking inland (found via Panoramio).
The gorge referred to by Revoil looks more impressive from this angle. The remains of the “four forts” may be visible on the right, above the first modest sized dark cliff overlooking the waterway
Courtesy of Panoramio Google Maps
Location according to Google Maps +10°17’7.02″, +50°14’4.44″
I visited this town in 1991, as part of a “post” civil war needs assessment mission to the north-east of Somalia. It is an oasis in the middle of nowhere. There are two sets of springs, on the top and bottom left, the water from these springs then flows eastwards, to the right. Using a low man made weir some of the water is channeled off to the side to feed an area of date palms, which are off the screen to the right. The Italian fort is situated on the bluff in the middle of the fork, with the town behind it to the left
A colleague and friend of mine from the 1980s. Dr Ahmed Ismael Jama, was born in this town
The word “iskashuban” means “self-pouring” i.e. a waterfall. Perhaps in better times
From the Wikipedia entry on Gondershe , with a photo dated as 2008.
But I query the date. The ruins look much more visible here than they did when I visited in site the 1980’s. At that time they were much more overgrown with scrub. And the 2011 Google image below also shows them to be very overgrown, and possibly less intact than the photo above.
The location, as visible via Google Maps
Location in Xamar Weyne, courtesy of Google Maps. Minara is visible within the red circle
Revoil and his colleague are in this scene, wearing turbans, located to the left of the camera on the tripod
Location as shown by Google Maps. Given the location of mosque relative to minara, it seems that the above drawing was based on a location to the south east of the minara
Lat and Long: 2°02’13.3″N 45°21’12.3″E
Alas, it is no more, after being damaged by fighting between Al Shabab and OAU forces a few years ago, and then in 2013 demolished by order of the current government, with a promise of being “rebuilt” by Turkey
Here are some photos of inscriptions inside of the adjacent mosque (also damaged during the fighting), taken by Mary Harper before its demolition
Located at the back of the mihrab?
Location unknown…any ideas?
More engravings from the same source:
For more information about the marbles, see
Lambourn, E.(1999) ‘The decoration of the Fakhr al-Dīn mosque in Mogadishu and other pieces of Gujarati marble carving on the East African coast‘, Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 34: 1, 61 — 86 To link to this Article: DOI: 10.1080/00672709909511472 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00672709909511472. The first paragraph, showb below, suggests that the marbles shown above may not longer be in place: